Governance is “the exercise of economic, political and administrative authority to manage a country’s affairs at all levels. It comprises mechanisms, processes, and institutions, through which citizens and groups articulate their interests, exercise their legal rights, meet their obligations and mediate their differences.”
An inclusive government strives towards equality and representation of women and men in decision making processes. Voice is considered an important mechanism of accountability in a system of democratic disposition. It is widely acknowledged that citizens who possess better capacity to express and exercise their views have the potential to influence government priorities or the governance processes. Women need an effective ‘voice’ in order to convey their views; and governments are more likely to respond to the needs and demands thus articulated. Women representation in legislative bodies and government institutions provide them with a “voice” goading formulation of policies affecting their wellbeing. Level of participation of women in government institutions, with respect to their population, thus, is an important indicator to assess the parity index and viability of the governance model.
Women political participation contributes to democratic legitimacy, good governance and sustainable development. It generates positive multiplier effects and changes status quo via transformative leadership.