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Demographics

Demography is “the study of the size, territorial distribution, and composition of population, changes therein, and the components of such changes.” Demographics are characteristics used to classify people for statistical purposes, such as age, race or gender.

Demographic trends and their relationship with the natural environment and social, economic and political change, pose a challenge of great consequence. These realities govern, or at least set some broad limits upon, what is possible for the economy and governments. Their analysis is of significance for a government to achieve and maintain priorities. Thus, public policy makers are under pressure to understand dynamics of demographic change. Such trends provide a basis for long term monitoring and tracing indicators of gender parity.

Women make almost half of the national population. Though there has been significant improvement in overall economic situation and other development indicators, in the last few decades, yet, there exists vast disparities among the status of men and women in the society and reflected in many forms such as in the form of lower representation of women at decision-making positions in the government and otherwise against their overall population.